Engineering, Manufacturing & Energy


Engineering is a broad, diverse field of study that encompasses various fields. They are united by their purpose, which is the practical application of science and maths to real world problems, particularly to building and manufacturing. The field is bigger than just charted engineers, their work is supported by experienced technicians and specialist operations staff.

The four main branches of engineering are chemical, civil, electrical and mechanical. But there is a vast number of areas to specialise in, if you’re interested in flight you can work as an aeronautical engineer while an interest in sound could lead to acoustical engineering. Working as an engineer requires many years of study, but there are roles as technicians with less demands. Many engineers will work on manufacturing processes, optimising the machinery and processes that manufacture goods.


  • communication
  • design
  • electronics
  • engineering
  • health and safety
  • maintaining machinery
  • managing resources
  • manufacturing
  • maths
  • attention to detail
  • problem solving
  • project management
  • project planning
  • quality control
  • recording information
  • teamwork
  • technology
  • using computers

Key Facts

About This Sector

Labour Market & Jobs

The demand for those with engineering skills is high. While output from engineering courses has been growing in recent years these graduates are in strong demand across a variety of occupations, which may lead to difficulty sourcing candidates.

Specialist skills for certain science and engineering roles require extensive experience and although small in number they are required nationwide. Demand for those working in science and engineering occupations is driven chiefly by high-tech and related industries.

A significant majority of people employed in the industrial sector manufacturing are working in manufacturing (245,200 people). Around half of this number were employed in what is classified as low technology, with 25% employed in high technology manufacturing. Many of those working in high technology manufacturing are employed with pharmaceutical companies.

Current Jobs